Cocaine: How It’s Made and an Overview of Use
Many people wonder how to make cocaine. “Cocaine” refers to a drug, illegal in most of the world, in its crystal or powder form. Most drug dealers will mix the powder form with other ingredients, such as talcum, cornstarch, or white sugars. Sometimes, it’s mixed with amphetamines or procaine, which is an anesthetic. Cocaine in its natural form is extracted from the cocoa leaf, and its original intention was for painkilling. However, it is now a widely abused drug, being sniffed through the nostrils. The powder absorbs through nasal tissues, entering the bloodstream. It is also eaten or rubbed directly onto gums.
1. How Cocaine is Made
According to National Geographic, biochemists are consistently studying the cocoa plant, and they have discovered how the plant builds the drug. Biochemists are studying the plant for pain relief. The drug is found in the leaf of the cocoa plant. The plant builds the drug naturally in the leaves, which are picked by hand. The cultivation involves crushing the leaves, creating a cocoa paste, and extracting the cocaine base that occurs naturally. The base is then converted to cocaine hydrochloride, which is the final product that is how cocaine is made. Traffickers in Colombia are the main source of most of the world’s cocaine, and this is where the drug is converted to cocaine hydrochloride with the use of chemicals. Thus this is how cocaine is made
How Cocaine is Made
In the medical community, cocaine is an effective painkiller, and is used in extreme, hospital controlled situations. In the illegal drug community, it is a dangerous, highly addictive drug that is widely abused. It is one of the most dangerous, natural drugs known to man, which is why it is so highly regulated. Mentally and physically, it only takes one time to get addicted. Physically, it will stimulate key receptors in the brain, creating euphoria. However, a user builds a fast tolerance, and more frequent doses are required to create the same initial effect.
– Short Term Effects
Since this drug causes an intense, short high followed immediately by a deep depression, cravings and edginess are the most immediate short term effects. Consistent users don’t sleep and don’t eat the way they should. Muscle spasms, increased heart rate and convulsions are possible in these users. Paranoia, hostility, anger, and anxiety are among the short term mental effects of the drug, even if the person isn’t high.
Cocaine also increases the chance of heart attacks, seizures, strokes, and breathing failure. All these incidences may result in a sudden death for the user.
– Long Term Effects
Consistent cocaine use brings larger problems. In fact, “dope fiend” was a term coined to accurately describe the long term side effects of use over time. Tolerance builds, leading the user to purchase and consume greater amounts of the drug. Long time users must consume a large amount of the drug to get the same effect as the initial high. Daily, prolonged use will cause loss of appetite and sleep deprivation. Users could become psychotic, paired with hallucinations. The drug effects body and mind, deteriorating the person until there is nothing left.
Cocaine directly interferes with how the brain processes its chemicals; therefore, a user needs increasing amounts of the drug to feel “regular”. Addicts will lose all interests; their only thoughts are on how they are going to get the next hit.
Coming down, or losing the high, causes such severe depression that the addict will do whatever is necessary to get the drug again. Murders have been committed to get cocaine. If the person can’t get their high, he or she sinks into a depression that drives him or her toward suicide.
A List of Short Term Effects:
Increased heart rate
Loss of appetite
Disturbed sleep patterns
Violent or bizarre behavior
Seizures, convulsions, death (even after one use)
A List of Long Term Effects:
High blood pressure
Permanent brain and heart damage
Destruction of nose tissues
Kidney, liver and lung damage
Cocaine isn’t a drug limited to its users. Often, babies are born to addicted mothers who have used the drug throughout their pregnancy. The number of babies born every year exposed to cocaine in the US is in the thousands, and those babies are already addicted to the drug. The lucky ones who aren’t addicted suffer from high numbers of physical problems, including premature birth, stunted growth, low birth rate, and damage to the nervous or brain systems.
These babies are far more likely to pass away in the first month of life than those whose mothers did not use cocaine during pregnancy. When they do live, they face a lifetime of disabilities, mental retardation, brain damage, and more.
While the full impact of the drug on society has yet to be fully measured, it’s evident that cocaine abuse is destructive not only to the user but to those around him or her. The drug is useful in the medical community, but should not be used as a recreational activity.
3. Continued Use
Cocaine is continually used in a hospital setting, but it is a Schedule 1 drug. On the list of drugs, a Schedule 1 means that the drug is highly addictive, highly controlled by the medical community, and only used in a controlled medical setting. In many places, only hospitals are allowed to use Schedule 1 drugs, because the medical community does not want them in multiple locations. Many pharmacies will not carry Schedule 1 drugs.
In the illegal drug community, the rate of cocaine use is rising, mostly due to its addictive qualities. Even one time can get a user addicted to the high it provides. It is provided in powder and crystal form, and is often mixed with other drugs, which makes it among the most dangerous on the street. The crystal form is referred to as crack cocaine. It has many street names, such as:
In the world, it is the second most moved drug. Statistics have proven that seizures related to its use have increased, and continue to increase worldwide. The world’s cocaine comes first from South America, second from North America. These are the continents moving the drug around the world. In America, cocaine is the most frequently mentioned drug among those who mention they have tried drugs. Add that to the individuals already addicted, and the conclusion is that cocaine is an epidemic in America alone.
Cocaine is only second to methamphetamine in creating the biggest psychological dependence of all available street drugs. It triggers pleasure centers in the brain, causing a high euphoria, but an even worse low.
4. Drug Combinations
Combining cocaine with other drugs is deadly, yet many addicts will do just that. The most common drugs to combine with cocaine are amphetamines, tranquilizers, heroin and marijuana. These combinations exacerbate the initial dangers, creating a sometimes fatal drug cocktail.
Cocaine is a blessing in the medical community; a demon on the street. The initial uses of cocaine were for medical healing only, until the drug community found money in the drug. While the “war on drugs” wages, addicts are dying every day from their addiction. Cocaine is useful when it is controlled. It is damaging and devastating when it is allowed to run free on the streets.
Your Brain On Cocaine